The Chandelas, the first major independent rulers of the Bundelkhand region, who reigned for around 300 years, rose in the 10th century AD. From 1008 AD onwards Mahmud of Ghazni (Afghanistan) launched attacks to north western India year after year. The Chandelas strongly resisted Mahmud, who turned back after a long siege of the fort of Kalinjar in Banda district.Vestiges of Chandela rule continued till the first decade of the 14th century, when a large part of North India including much of Bundelkhand came under the rule of Ala-ud-din Khilji (Turkish Dynasty).In between 1635 to 1641 AD, the Mughal army took over the princely state and caused wanton carnage and destruction. It survived as a vassal of the Mughal State until 1835.
© Ramdas Iyer Photography