The coastal plains rise to form the anti-Atlas, The Middle Atlas and the High Atlas. The second highest peak after Kilimanjaro can be seen in the High Atlas standing at 12000 feet. The Berbers who have inhabited much of the Maghreb since 3000 BC were driven up to the mountains by the invading Arabs in the 7th century and by the Romans and Greeks prior to that. Their struggles against Islam from their mountain retreat is legendary. However they gradually succumbed and joinined forces with the Arabs and were able to conquer Spain in the 8th and 9th centuries. Today these Berber mountain villages gives us a brief glimpse of their past. They are vanishing fast. Note: All actions against Islam was known as BERBERY( even today )and the entire north African coast is collectively known as the Barbary Coast and made infamous by the Barbary Pirates of the 17th and 18th centuries.
© Ramdas Iyer Photography