Created 25-Oct-13
88 photos

Built on an ancient site, the Kazan Kremlin dates from the Muslim period of the Golden Horde and the Kazan Khanate.The Tatars were in the front ranks of the terrifying Mongol hordes under Genghis Khan, t was eventually conquered by Ivan the Terrible in 1552 and became the Christian See of the Volga Land. The only surviving Tatar fortress in Russia and an important place of pilgrimage, the Kazan Kremlin consists of an outstanding group of historic buildings dating from the 16th to 19th centuries, integrating remains from 10th to 6th centuries. The Kazan State University is one of the oldest universities in Russia, it was founded in 1804,under Emperor Alexander.It became one of the major centers of education and science including the creation of non-Euclidean geometry (Nikolai Lobachevsky), the discovery ruthenium (Claus), the theory about the structure of organic compounds (Aleksandr Butlerov), the discovery of the electron paramagnetic resonance (Y.Zavoisky) and many others.
Leaving Ekatarinburg station for KazanMy roomies in 2nd class- old coal burning compartmentA full coal furnace heatexchange system for  the non electrified lineThe Kazan Kremlin-12th century fortressRoyal streetThe only mosque inside an orthodox church complexMosque rebuilt after its destruction in the 15th centuryTraditional Russian fortress watch towerBuilt for Ivan the Terrible for a days visitTatar burial stones from 1462Cathedral of Annunciation- Ivan the Terrible built in 1554 after Kazans conquest

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