Tarangire is said to be home to the most African elephants per square kilometre than anywhere else in the world. It is also one of the world's latest enclave of wildlife with more than 5,000 elephants and more than 500 bird species.Africa will lose one-fifth of its elephants in the next decade if the continent's poaching crisis is not stopped, published data show. There were about 10 million African elephants (Loxodonta africana) at the turn of the 20th century, but that number has fallen to half a million due to poaching and habitat loss, and the new figures show 22,000 were killed in 2012. While less than the record 25,000 deaths in 2011, the rate of killing compared to natural population growth means the largest animal on Earth could soon become extinct in local areas, conservationist warn.
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