Yunnan became part of the Han Dynasty during 2nd century BC. It became the seat of a Tibeto-Burman speaking kingdom known as the Kingdom of Nanzhao in the 8th century AD and was multi-ethnic, As with other parts of China's southwest, Japanese occupation in the north during World War II forced a migration of majority Han people into the region. Ethnic minorities in Yunnan account for about 34 percent of its total population. Major ethnic groups include Yi, Bai, Hani, Zhuang, Dai and Miao .In ancient times, Lijiang used to be the center of silk embroidery in the southwest of China and the most important place of the Ancient Southern Silk Road, also called the Ancient Tea route. The Southern Silk Road started from Myanmar, crossed Lijiang, into Tibet and then journeyed through the Fertile Crescent Arabian lands particularly Iran, Iraq formerly Mesopotamia, Jordan, Israel, then eventually to the Mediterranean Sea.
Yunnan means literally south of the colorful clouds for its name. The province is one of the most diverse in ethnic minority groups, life of plants and animals, mineral resources in China. Dali, Lijiang, Lugu Lake, Luoping and Shangri-la offer great photo opportunities on a trip
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